My experience in – and passion for – computer gamingA Computer-Gaming OdysseyThe early yearsComputer gaming has been an interest of mine ever since I was a young child. This article is part-reminiscence; part history – tracing the development of gaming culture over the decades.My youthful experiences – in the 1980s – included playing Pac-man on some of the early Atari models, to playing the early installations in the legendary Ultima, Wizardry and Bard’s Tale Series on my beloved Apple //c. While the Ultima series was comprised mostly of two dimensional tiles, the early Bard’s Tale and Wizardry titles involved a rudimentary grid-based first person view.The graphics – by today’s standards – could be described simplistic at best.Over the years game designers sought continually to to extract more and more from the limited potential of Apple II and Commodore 64 personal computers. (Although I do not include, here, the IIGS)Bard’s Tale 3 ‘The Thief of Fate’ – was perhaps the most impessive title to emerge for the Apple II- not long before the line was abandoned to concentrate instead on Apple’s Macintosh series.For its time, ‘Bard’s Tale 3’ provided a sprawling game world, and devilish, maze-like dungeons. Given the extraordinary limits of the Apple // line of personal computers, the musical score of the Bard’s Tale titles was lively and ‘pleasantly catching.’ It comprised the ‘pinnacle’ of what could be achieved with the limited 128 kB Apple // c frame.Hand-held electronic games were also popular for the time. Popularity at school rested at lest partly on possession of such titles as ‘Frogger’, ‘Scrambler’, ‘Burger Time’, ‘Donkey Kong’ and others.I even recall my mother staying up late at night: entranced by my Pacman hand–held electronic game. Even then, gaming was not ‘just for the kids’.Computer role-playing games, however, were always my favourite – and they still are.At the time – of course – no one had even heard of ‘Massively Multiplayer’ games OR of the internet.Some of my favourite memories of my youth include days I spent at my local libaray, playing the quiz game ‘Millionwaire’, wagering 5 1/4 inch floppy disks on who would be winner. Back then, amongst enthusiasts, there was a real sense of community.Looking back, now, it is hard for younger gamers to envisage the joy which my friends and I knew – despite what today would seem to be rudimentary graphics and sound.And while those of my generation may have ‘moved on’ in our expectations for modern day gaming, I personally enjoy occasionally reminiscing about ‘a simpler age’ – now so long ago.into the 1990sAs ‘time marched on’ – into the 1990s – I found myself turning to the PC as the Apple //c ‘passed into history’. The advent of VGA – and then SVGA – graphics while I was in secondary school – marked a milestone – and the quality of the gaming experience improved markedly also.It was then, also, during this transitional phase – that the ‘Gold Box’ series of Dungeons and Dragons games set the standard. The ever-renewable D&D franchise would serve developers well for many years to come. Even within this series, the difference was marked between the original titles – which had been available on the //c – and those which made the most of the-then groundbreaking SVGA graphics.To this point, also, Computer Roleplaying Games were mainly charcterised by ‘turn based’ rather than ‘real time’ combat. But the 1990s were to see a paradigm shift to ‘pause and play’ or ‘real-time’ combat.Meanwhile, the later installations in the Ultima series boasted interactivity which – for the time – caused the series to ‘stand out from the crowd’. I can still remember the ‘buzz’ I felt from making bread in Ultima VI: and even cooking it in an oven. Trivial by today’s standards, such ‘touches’ added character to the Ultima franchise.This was also the ‘coming of age’ of the real-time-strategy genre. Dune II, and ‘Command and Conquer’ in particular – set a basic template that was to be remodelled and improved upon – time after time.The same might also be said of the first-person-shooters – which during the 1990s included such titles as Doom and Wolfenstein 3D. These titles ‘spread like wildfire in this the ‘heyday’ of ‘shareware’, and again provided a standard template which was later to be refined and expanded to include Player versus Player action.The advent of multiplayer and online gaming – into the new MilleniumIn good time first-person shooter gaming, as well as the real time strategy genre – were to evolve to the point where player versus player gaming became a lucrative ‘sport’. Today, Quake 4, Starcraft, Warcraft III – and other titles – are played competitively – often with thousands of dollars at stake.Into the late 1990s, the computer role-playing franchise expanded to provide for online, and massively multiplayer gaming. Ultima Online comprised one of those original titles: just as the internet was ‘taking off’; but while broadband was still rare.Ultima Online, in particular, was marked -originally by an uncontrolled ‘Player versus Player’ (PvP) element. This allowance for ‘Player Killers’ (PKs) greatly reduced the enjoyability of the game. Later developers were to learn from this – and provide ‘PvP’ under more controlled circumstances – often only with mutual consent.Also the late 1990s saw the rise of such ‘first person’ titles as ‘Everquest’. For some time the ‘Everquest’ franchise ‘ruled supreme’ – comprising the standard by which games of the genre were measured.But come the mid ‘2000s’ Blizzard’s “World of Warcraft’ (WoW) erupted onto the scene: providing new opportunities for (consensual) PvP combat, lush environments, rewarding multiplayer, and appealing animations.WoW also struck ‘the right balance’ in instances of player death – with the resultant penalty not being so onerous as to seriously compromise gameplay.World of Warcraft’s beautifully-rendered animation – cartoon-like – with no pretense of realism – featured as one factor behind the game’s appeal and longevity. This also might be seen as one factor behind Blizzard’s eclipse of the ‘Everquest II’ title – which failed to capitalise on its forerunner’s success.Perhaps the only weakness of WoW – and other Massively Multiplayer Roleplaying Games (MMORPGs) – is the tendency for gameplay to be reduced to a ‘grind”. There is only so much fun players can glean from ‘camping out’ for spawns.Despite this, as of 2009 the World of Warcraft franchise continues to be enjoyed by millions of gamers: with two major expansions having been released: and possibly with more to come.Opportunities for meaningful PvP is also important for many. Epic overarching storylines are also desirable: and comprised a central feature of Lord of the Rings Online (LOTRO) – perhaps the best MMORPG of 2007.Most importantly – a player should never be lost for something to do. Hours of ‘grinding’ simply are not good enough.Other recent competitors of WoW include ‘Dungeons and Dragons Online’, and “Warhammer Online’.’Dungeons and Dragons Online’ – in particular – encourages co-operative rather than solo gameplay. Such are the class designs that they complement each other.Upcoming titles planned for release this year (2009) include ‘The Old Republic’ (based in the Star Wars universe) and ‘Stargate Worlds’.Amongst all this, Industry watchers are left to speculate as to who will one day usurp the ‘WoW’ crown. The challenge for MMORPG developers is to balance options for single and multiplayer co-operative play, while minimising the all-too-familar ‘grind’.Looking back: single player gaming – late 1990s to the present day…The late 1990s and early ‘2000s’ saw more breakthroughs in the depth and complexity of first person shooters, computer roleplaying games, and real-time strategy.We will close, however, with a final consideration of the CRPG genre.This period was marked especially by the ‘Baldur’s Gate’ series; as well as the ‘Icewind Dale’ titles, and the masterful ‘Planescape Torment’. Bioware’s ‘Infinity Engine’ provided lush graphic backgrounds, accompanied by moving musical scores and deep, immersive and epic plotlines. Adaptable as ever, the Dungeons and Dragons franchise was brought to a new generation. Despite a massive fan base, though, the Infinity Engine line was abandoned before its time – and the much-awaited ‘Baldur’s Gate III’ never emerged.The ‘Fallout’ series, meanwhile, provided a gritty third person and turn-based gaming experience. Its post-apocalyptic themes developed such a solid following that – in 2008 – Fallout 3 was one of the most anticipated titles of the year.Diablo I & Diablo II also emerged through this period – marking a new age of ‘action RPGs’: and heralding a new age of ‘co-operative’ online multiplayer gaming. The series is notable for its deeply atmospheric music, and for its dark and foreboding environments.So popular – and resilient – has the series been, that even now – almost ten years since Diablo II, veteran gamers are eagerly awaiting the new instalment. Diablo III looks set to comprise one of the best-selling CRPG titles for 2009.Other recent impressive titles include Elder Scrolls IV ‘Oblivion’, Bioware’s ‘Neverwinter Nights’ series, the ‘Knights of the Old Republic’ (KOTOR) series.Neverwinter Nights I & II provided a ‘makeover’ for the Dungeons and Dragons franchise – with expansive opportunities for user-created content and customisation.’Oblivion’, meanwhile, provided for an immersive world, with a plethora of individual characters – each with their own quirks, voice recorded dialogue, and routines. Oblivion’s graphics were ground-breaking for the time – and have left industry watchers to speculate: what next for the Elder Scrolls franchise? Many suppose a new instalment will emerge in 2010.Meanwhile, The ‘Knights of the Old Republic’ series, (also by Bioware), introduced players to a Star Wars universe set several thousand years before the subject-matter of the original Star Wars universe.Finally, the KOTOR series (I&II) featured epic storylines; detailed character development system, immersive game play, weapon and armour customisation, and spectacular combat animations. Such elements comprise solid fundamentals which might be borrowed from in ‘The Old Republic’ when it is released some time in 2009-2010.In conclusion2009 is set to be a most interesting year. Aside from what we have considered already in this feature, there is a mass of titles in production – many for release this year.Red Alert 3 was one of the best real-time strategy titles of 2008: offering challenging multiplayer combat, with innovative and often humorous story lines and units. 2009 will see another instalment in this series: ‘Red Alert – Uprising’. Undoubtedly for some this expansion will find its way onto the ‘must-have’ list.Mass Effect II, Dragon Age, Guild Wars II and Star Trek Online, meanwhile, will likely be amongst the most popular in their respective genres.Twenty years ago virtually no-one could have foreseen the evolution of games genres and computer technology that has unfolded since.Regardless – looking to the future – who knows what awaits?